Colonel Martha K. Lenhart, MD, PhD, USA

Hero of Military Medicine Award

Colonel Martha K. Lenhart is a native of Ohio. She received a BA degree from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland and earned her MD from Georgetown University in Washington, DC. She completed her Orthopaedic Surgery Residency at Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC), followed by Hand Surgery Fellowship, also at WRAMC. COL Lenhart earned a PhD in Pathophysiology from Georgetown University and an MS in Health Information Technology from Catholic University. She is Board certified in Orthopaedic Surgery, a Fellow in the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), and holds a Subspecialty Certificate in Surgery of the Hand.

Her stateside clinical assignments include Fort Meade, National Naval Medical Center, WRAMC, and Fort Carson. In 2003, COL Lenhart deployed to Bagram Air Base, Afghanistan with the 48th Combat Support Hospital (CSH) as Chief, Orthopaedic Surgery and in 2011 to Mosul Air Base, Iraq with the 256th CSH as Chief, Orthopaedic Surgery. She has contributed as a Patient Education, Medical Simulation, and Scientific Exhibits Committee member for the AAOS and the American Society for Surgery of the Hand. She is a reviewer for three specialty journals and an Associate Professor of Surgery at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, MD.

As Director and Editor in Chief of the Borden Institute from 2005 to 2012, COL Lenhart documented and preserved the history of WRAMC, the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, the Dental Corps, the Nurse Corps and the 212th MASH. She published Textbooks of Military Medicine including Combat and Operational Behavioral Health, Care of the Combat Amputee, Quantitative Physiology, Medical Aspects of Chemical, and Medical Aspects of Biological Warfare, along with Warrior Transition Leader, Regional Anesthesia, and Combat Casualty Care handbooks that acknowledged and promulgated lessons learned. Drawing on her deployment experiences, she championed rapid production of the landmark, award-winning book War Surgery in Afghanistan and Iraq and enabled its distribution to deployed providers. During her Afghanistan deployment, she recognized the need for a focused approach to management of injured infants and children in combat scenarios. Subsequently, she spearheaded publication of the first pediatric military medicine handbook Pediatric Surgery and Medicine for Hostile Environments – cited by the American Medical Writers Association as the “book most likely to save a life.” Her publications garnered 16 awards, highlighting excellence in military authorship and subject matter expertise.

In her current assignment at Aberdeen Proving Ground as Deputy Chief, Chemical Casualty Care Division, US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, COL Lenhart instructs three principal in-residence courses: Medical Management of Chemical and Biological Casualties, Field Management of Chemical and Biological Casualties, and Hospital Management of Chemical, Biological, Radiological/Nuclear, and Explosives Incidents; training over 4,000 students. She co-authored and edited the Medical Management of Chemical Casualties Handbook, 5th ed., and the Field Management of Chemical Casualties Handbook, 4th ed.

Her military awards include Legion of Merit, Meritorious Service Medal (1 OLC), Army Commendation Medal (1 OLC), and Army Achievement Medal. She holds the Army Medical Department ‘A’ Proficiency Designator and is a member of the Order of Military Medical Merit.

She is married to Dr. James Cox, Jr., Col, USAF (Ret). They are parents of two sons, James Cox, III and Joseph Cox.